Pacific American-News Journal
Mei-May 1996 Volume 2 Issue 5
Special: Prime Time Live
Please Tell The Complete Story
By Waimanalo Ray
On April 10, 1996 Prime Time Live aired this supposedly
unbiased report of the Bishop Estate. I tried to the best of my
ability to accurately transcribe their program.
S.D. Nothing upsets people more when it comes time to pay
their taxes, than to see others not paying their fair share.
Well, meet a whole list of those others, who pay little or
nothing in taxes. They are organizations that are by law tax
exempt. Now you may think the Red Cross, the Salvation Army, your
church and the like should be. But the ones you are about to see
may have a much harder time convincing you that they to should be
excused from paying their full share.
TITLE: IN THE NAME OF CHARITY
Produced by: Sheila Hershow, Edited by Ed Eaves.
SHOW: Diamond Head and Royal Hawaiian Hotel
S.D. Prized beachfront land generating millions in rent. But
no income taxes for Uncle Sam. Sports leagues that pay huge
salaries while enjoying a huge tax break from the federal
government. And a major league baseball team owned by a charity
with all operating contributions eligible for a tax write-off;
it's all perfectly legal but should it be?
P.S. The tax-exempt organizations act like paying taxes is
some kind of punishment.
S.D. Paul Strickfus is a tax specialist who spent six years
working for the IRS examining tax-exempt organizations.
S.D. To the person making out their taxes and watching this
report tonight what does it mean to them?
P.S. Well, it has to mean that they are paying more in tax.
Their is no way you can take 10% of the tax base and put it aside
and not have the rest of the folks who are still paying taxes not
S.D. Our story begins here in Hawai`i, home of some of the
most expensive real estate in the world The land here in Waikiki
beach is worth billions and would you believe that one of the
wealthiest landowners here making tens of millions of dollars a
year is legally tax exempt. The landholder is called the Bishop
Estate. It owns over 367 thousand acres of land in Hawai`i, which
includes the Waikiki Beach frontage on which is built the Royal
Hawaiian shopping center and the Sheraton Waikiki and Royal
Hawaiian Hotels; 300 thousand acres of timberland in Michigan; a
545 million dollar investment in the Wall Street firm Goldman -
Sachs; a large interest in two Texas base energy companies; part
interest in the Robert Trent Jones golf course near Washington
where the President plays; and one special piece of property; the
Kamehameha Schools, located high in the hills above Honolulu, the
legacy of a Hawaiian Princess.
H.T. The hope was that her people, my people, who were in a
terrible state because of disease and depopulation, would be able
through the estate, to be educated.
S.D. Haunani-Kay Trask, herself a descendant of Hawaiian
royalty, is talking about Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop who back
in 1883 willed her vast land holdings to create schools for
Hawaiian children. Thanks to these schools, the Bishop Estates
qualifies as a tax-exempt charity; meaning that in 1994 the last
year on record, Bishop paid no income tax on net revenue of $303
million dollars (show total $303,636,034).
H.T. They have enormous amounts of money they could definitely
spend but they choose not to.
S.D. In 1994 the schools accepted only one out of 8 applicants
educating approximately 3000 children. Critics say a charity of
this size should do far more, and why doesn't it.
H.T. I think they choose not to accept more because their
interest is to speculate on land, to invest, which will return to
them profit which then they can divide among the trustees.
S.D. Two of the estates' five trustees are Gerard Jervis and
Henry Peters. In 1994 each trustee made $915,238. Under the
compensation formula they were actually entitled to twice that
much, but agreed to the lesser amount. Each of you made over
$900,000 dollars. Is that right. Do you deserve that?
H.P. We think we do.
S.D. Mr. Jervis, if you
didn't make that much money, you trustees, couldn't you spend
more money on educating Hawaiian children?
G.J. Sam, admittedly that is a large sum of money. We make a
lot of money, but this is performance based and if the trust for
some reason wasn't performing, that would be reflected in the
S.D. That's true, which would seem to argue the critics' point
that the goal is to invest and make, not spend and educate. The
trustees see it differently. You're not embarrassed about taking
that much money each year.
H.P. No. We realize this is a very, very tough job. Okay......
S.D. Not okay with Haunani-Kay Trask.
S.D. Are you saying that mainly these trustees are just
looking out for themselves, feathering their own nest?
H.T. Absolutely! Yes! Absolutely! That's what I'm saying.
S.D. The trustees say they spend $124 million annually on the
schools. And plan to spend more.
S.D. But consider the estate's wealth.
S.D. What are it's assets worth?
H.P. The size of our trust is 1.98 billion dollars in, ah,
S.D. 1.98 billion?
H.P. 1.98 billion dollars.
S.D. And impressive figure but actually given the estates'
holdings, it appears to be a gross undervaluation. You own
sixteen acres of choice property on Waikiki Beach. I've seen it
valued at a billion dollars. You argue with that?
G.P. Well, we do because we think that value is a relative
thing. And well frankly.....
S.D. In fact, the estate uses Hawaiian land values from 1965.
When PrimeTime paid researcher Desmond Burn to comb the records
using current values he came up with a figure of 4 and 3/4
($4,716,296,024) for the Bishop Estate, which means there
spending on education a percentage far below that of such
charitable institutions as Harvard and well below IRS guidelines.
C.T. I think it's wrong!
S.D. Cynthia Thealand the Republican Floor Leader in the
Hawaiian State House of Representatives has introduced
legislation to cut the trustees' pay.
C.T. I would have no objection with the federal tax -
exemption if they were performing their function of educating all
children of Hawaiian descent. They have the assets, they have the
income, they just lack the will to do it.
S.D. But remember it's all legal.
P.S. Tax avoidance is why we have accountants and attorneys
out there. To tax avoid it's perfectly permissible activity, it's
S.D. Yes! But, mom and pop can't afford the kinds of attorneys
that know how to tax avoid.
P.S. Ah, well I guess. Welcome to America.
S.D. But there's more. Charities often escape paying property
taxes as well as income taxes and that's where other taxpayers
really take it on the chin.
From this point on they talk about property taxes not being
S.D. Sam Donaldson
P.S. Paul Strickfus
H.T. Haunani-Kay Trask
G.J. Gerard Jervis
H.P. Henry H. Peters
C.T. Cynthia Thealand
Read Waimanalo Ray's Response
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